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Which way do the ions go? [Adv. Physiol. Educ. article]

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Description This short paper presents a method for teaching undergraduates (and advanced high school students) how to predict whether a given ion will flow into a cell or out of a cell under any given conditions. The method thus helps students understand how electrical gradients and electrical gradients might work with each other or against each other in driving ion flows.
Type of Resource Journal Article/Issue
Format Portable Document Format - PDF
Technical Note No special requirements.
Gregory Crowther, Everett Community College
Development Date September 15, 2017
Grade/Age Levels High School upper division (Grades 11-12)
Undergraduate lower division (Grades 13-14)
Undergraduate upper division (Grades 15-16)
National Science
Educational Standards
Evolution and equilibrium (K-12), Matter, energy, and organization in living systems (9-12)
Learning Time <=1 hour
Language English
Type of Review Reviewed By Journal Board
Review Date Reviewed at time of publication
Funding Source None
Suggested Use