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Heart Hopscotch: Teaching Cardiovascular Physiology to 2nd Graders - PhUn Week Poster Session EB 2012

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PowerPoint Presentation (2007)
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Description Arizona currently ranks in the bottom 10th for education in the United States. In an effort to encourage science education, we designed PhUn Week activities for 2nd grade students at Kyrene de los Niños elementary school in Tempe, AZ. The emphasis of the activities was basic anatomy of the heart and the flow of blood through the heart. Methods: Students were first asked to draw a scientist according to their perceptions of what a scientist looks like. They were then asked to draw what they thought the heart looked like as well as guess the sizes of hearts for various animals. Through these activities and some basic questions, the educators were able to assess the baseline knowledge of the students. Using heart models, we were able to teach the students about the anatomy of their hearts. During the final activity that we designed, “Hopscotch through the Heart”, students were able to hop or walk through a diagram of the heart drawn in chalk on the sidewalk. Each student pretended to be a blood cell being pumped by the heart, and described their path as they made their way through the heart and into the lungs to collect oxygen then back through the heart where they were then pumped out to the body. Results: Students’ understanding of cardiovascular physiology seemed to improve based upon verbal and physical demonstration of their knowledge with the Hopscotch activity. More importantly, they seemed to have a lot of fun while learning. Students asked about the size of their own hearts and the size of other animals’ in comparison. Conclusion: Involving different modes of learning – lecture/discussion, visual (drawing), and kinesthetic (Hopscotch) – appears to be effective at educating elementary students about cardiovascular physiology.
Type of Resource Meeting Presentation
Format PowerPoint Presentation (2007) - PPTX - 2.03 MB
Natalie Rodriguez, Arizona State University
Catherine Jarrett, Arizona State University
Karen Sweazea, Arizona State University
Development Date April 22, 2012
Grade/Age Level Primary Elementary (Grades K-2)
National Science
Educational Standards
Evidence, models, and explanation (K-12), Form and function (K-12), Structure and function in living systems (5-8), The characteristics of organisms (K-4)
Learning Time <=1 hour
Language English
Type of Review Reviewed By Staff
Review Date May 15, 2012
Suggested Use