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#C2185
Vision and Change Teacher-Recommended Collection: Renal System Reading and Lab Activities

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Description Collection Description
This reading and activities are intended to enhance undergraduate Anatomy and Physiology student understanding of the structure and function of the renal system as well as how kidney research is relevant to their lives.

How were the items in this collection used?
Items in the collection were used in tandem with my current lecture slides on the renal system. The activities and exercises were used during student laboratory time and the reading was used in class for group discussions.

Who used this collection?
An undergraduate Anatomy and Physiology class primarily composed of 3rd students in a 4-year undergraduate program

Which of the V&C Core Concepts does this collection address?
Structure & Function ('Basic units of structure define the function of all living things.')
The Renal Structure and Function activity allowed students to discover how different cellular structures allow different sections of the renal system to perform their functions.

Information Flow, Exchange, and Storage ('The growth and behavior of organisms are activated through the expression of genetic information in context.')
The article discusses genes that play a role in kidney development. I asked students to research these genes and present their role in kidney development to the class.

Systems ('Living systems are interconnected and interacting.')
The reading, laboratory exercise on renal regulation of urine output, and online modeling simulation empasize how changing one variable, such as consumption of salt, can affect the development of the kidney as well as its function.

Which of the V&C Core Competencies and Disciplinary Practices does this collection address?
Ability to Apply the Process of Science ('Biology is evidence based and grounded in the formal practices of observation, experimentation, and hypothesis testing.')
In the Renal Regulation of Urine Output laboratory, students created and tested hypotheses on how ingesting high salt, caffeine, or water effects urine excretion and then reflected on their findings and why they did or did not match up with their hypotheses.

Ability to Use Modeling and Simulation ('Biology focuses on the study of complex systems.')
The online simulation exemplified the complexity of the renal system.

Ability to Understand the Relationship between Science and Society ('Biology is conducted in a societal context.')
The reading provides an opportunity to discuss how salt intake by pregnant women in the US could be adversely affecting pre-natal kidney development.

Please enter suggestions for colleagues.
Make sure to leave extra classroom time to discuss the research that was done in the article. Students had lots of questions! I was able to access the original research article easily and provided it as optional reading to students who were interested.

Type of Resource Annotated Collection
Format Multiple Formats
Author
Miranda Byse, American Physiological Society
Grade/Age Levels Undergraduate lower division (Grades 13-14)
Undergraduate upper division (Grades 15-16)
Pedagogies
Learning Time 2-3 hours
Language English
Type of Review Reviewed by Partner Organization
Keywords

Resources in Collection
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After examining the collection and identifying a “press release” describing recent findings affecting renal development (and a link to the primary source).  This is a nice way to excite and sell students on the relevance and interdiscipinary nature of science.  In addition the inclusion of a student-centered data driven lab to assess renal function and variables that impact it are excellent competencies to engage students with in these classes.  The lab and scientific reading also bring the students into intersection with the process of science.

Although the description clearly states this collection was utilized in concert with a powerpoint lecture, adding a resource tutorial on renal physiology would be an excellent addition.  Effectively, the collection would be a stand alone student learning resource.

—Matt Kreitzer, Indiana Wesleyan University